KIN 3304 Chapter 1.pptx - FOUNDATIONS OF STRUCTURAL...

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FOUNDATIONS OFSTRUCTURALKINESIOLOGYChapter 1
Foundations of StructuralKinesiologyStructural kinesiologyStudy of muscles, bones, and joints as they are involved inthe science of movement>600 muscles, we will focus on ~100
Reference PositionsUsed as a basis from which to describe joint movementsAnatomical positionFundamental positionFig 1.1
Anatomical DirectionsFig 1.1
Name the direction:SuperiorWhat view?What position?
Anatomical DirectionsFig 1.3
Anatomical DirectionsFig 1.4
Fill in the blank:The neck is superiorto the chestThe neck is inferiorto the headAbdomen is anteriorto the spinal columnShoulder blades are posteriorto the chestHand is distalto the upper armShoulder is proximalto upper armNose is medialto the earsArms are lateralto the spineFig 1.1
Anatomical DirectionsDeepVs.Superficial
Anatomical Directions
Planes of MotionPlane: Imaginary two-dimensionalsurface through which a limb or bodysegment is movedMotion through a plane revolves aroundan axis90 degree relationship between a planeand its axis
Cardinal Planes of MotionCardinalplanesdivide into equal halvesSagittal plane (Anteroposterior)Frontal plane (Lateral)Transverse plane (Horizontal)Fig 1.5
Sagittal PlaneLEFT and RIGHTFrontal axisFlexion, ExtensionExamples: Sit-ups, bicep curlsFig 1.5
Frontal PlaneANTERIOR and POSTERIORSagittal axisAbduction, AdductionExample: Jumping jacks
Transverse PlaneSUPERIOR and INFERIORVeritfcal axisInternal and External RotationExample: Spinal rotation
Diagonal PlanesDiagonal Plane: combination of more than one plane ofmotionMovement about a diagonal axisOne high diagonal and two low diagonal planesUpper-extremity high diagonal plane (overhand)Upper-extremity low diagonal plane (underhand)Lower-extremity low diagonal planeFig 1.6
Which diagonal plane?
Skeletal System206 bones in adult skeletonAxial skeleton: 80 bonesAppendicular skeleton: 126 bonesFunction of System:Support and protectionMineral storage and hemopoiesisAttachment for musclesFig 1.8
Types of bonesLong bones: Humerus and fibulaShaft (diaphysis) with protrudingends (epiphysis)Short bones: Carpals and tarsalsCube-shaped, large articulatingsurfacesFlat bones: Ribs and scapulaFig 1.9
Types of bonesIrregular bones: Ischium, pubis, and maxillaSesamoid bones: PatellaSmall bones embedded within tendonprovide protection and mechanical advantageFig 1.9

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Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
Anatomy, kinesiology, Anatomical terms of location

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