Gender, Work, and Family

Gender, Work, and Family - Sociology 130 March 6, 2008...

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Sociology 130 March 6, 2008 G ENDER , W ORK , AND F AMILY D IVISION OF LABOR -Has a biological root Childbearing, breastfeeding But origins don’t explain why it persists -Now: intersection of family and market arenas How these things together influence the work -Market mode of production: Cash for market work, women’s work unpaid Unpaid work becomes somewhat invisible Devaluation of women’s work (market value became determinant) Market value affected by family value o Women’s jobs pay less when they took jobs W ORK AND FAMILY -Where is work done institutionally? Institutional arena: family vs. market Rewards: unpaid vs. paid Cultural view: devalued vs. valued Workers: women vs. men Expansion of the market: -Growing service economy pulled labor from the family to the market Opportunities in education, medical care, food sectors -Cycle: working women create demand for services, which raises wages—and pulls more women into the market Family relations degraded, and everything became focused on the dollar
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Gender, Work, and Family - Sociology 130 March 6, 2008...

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