Sociology 154.docx - Sociology 154 Introduction Longevity...

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Sociology 154IntroductionLongevity statistics don’t line up with how much United States spend on healthcareWhat it means to be healthy at any one society at any one time is vastly differentInstitution of medicine – collection of roles and social policiesStress – perception that changes your whole physiology (mind-body interaction) Chapter 1 Social determinants of health – social practices and conditions that affect the health of individuals, groups, and communities, either positively or negatively oLifestyles, living and work situationsoClass position – income, education and occupationoStressful circumstances, poverty – unemployment, business recessionsoPolitical – policies, government benefitsoReligious factors Donald Light – “medical care and health services are acts of political philosophy oThus, social and political values influence the choices made, institutions formed, and levels of funding provided for healthSocial institutions – law, religion, politics, economics, medicineLecture 1What do medical sociologists’ study?Social causes and patterns of health and diseaseSocial behavior of health care personnel and their patientsSocial functions of health organizations and institutionsRelationship of health care delivery systems to other social systemsRecognizes the critical role social factors play in determining or influencing the health of individuals, groups, and the larger society in bio-psycho-social context.Social causes – contagion, availability of resourcesSocial behavior – types of relationships Institution – a collection of states to help the society oA reflection of how the society is organized I.Basic concepts a. SocialRoles = activities or expectations of individuals in specific social statuses
Relationships = enduring patterns of interaction.Rules – social forces that cause individuals to act in similar ways.Beliefs = ideas about the way things areValues = ideas about the way things should beNorms = expectations about how people are supposed to act in particular circumstances.oSocial role – studentMaster statuses – gender roleBased on a social construction or consensus that differ at different locationsoSocial relationships – when social interactions become stable Multiple kinds of relationships within one role oBeliefs – a collective of agreed upon thoughtsoValues – a collective of agreed upon feelingsoNorms – guidelines or standards that should be applied Expectations about ourselves and othersoRoles – norms that are specific to groups oOrganization – a collective group Greatest threats – contaminated foodB.Defining Health Bio-Psycho-Social Well-being, Functioning= dealing with the whole person; recognizes and integrates the biological, psychological, and social components of human actions.

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