Poverty

Poverty - Sociology 130 February 5, 2008 Poverty William...

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Sociology 130 February 5, 2008 Poverty William Julius Wilson -The Truly Disadvantaged (1987) -When Work Disappears (1996) Wilson’s Theory -Joblessness is the leading cause of effects on families -Enhanced by snowball effects Tax base shrinks (ability of the people to live in the area) Schools and other infrastructure crumbles Community organizations weaken (for example churches) -Stronger effect of concentrated poverty—magnified Weak personal networks Neighborhood image, self-image o Employers stereotype by zip code due to the previous experience It is worse to be poor in a poor place Family Effects -Marriage postponed or avoided altogether Men’s exclusion from ‘mainstream’ life o Economically, politically, socially o Jobless rate among male high school dropouts By 2000s, 72% of Black men unemployed (dramatic trend) Both men and women feel not ‘ready’ Types of Explanation for Family Change -Structural Explanation E.g. Wilson’s deindustrialization theory
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Poverty - Sociology 130 February 5, 2008 Poverty William...

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