Sociological Theories

Sociological Theories - January 22, 2008 Sociology 130...

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January 22, 2008 Sociology 130 Sociological Theories: Classical Perspectives Structural Functionalism: -Dominant perspective of mid-20 th Century -Asks: What are the functions of social structures? Assumes current structure is functional Treats status quo as good, change as bad (deviance, disruption, turmoil) -Stability and cooperation in breadwinner-homemaker family How does it work? Why is it so common? Functions of each partner Husband as instrumental , wife as expressive Instrumental: leadership in the outside world, interrelations, exchange Expressive: rallying troops, providing emotional support, lifting morale Conflict Theory: (often in juxtaposition to SF) -Focuses on change, not stability Inequality and power struggles drive history and create change -Family theory Benefits of “traditional” model to capitalists/employers Women’s housework allows lower pay for men—lowers cost of hiring a worker, because so much is done out of the home Male dominance in family recruits men to support capitalism (conflict
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Sociological Theories - January 22, 2008 Sociology 130...

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