ISS Revies Sheet 2 - A Civil Rights What are civil rights...

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A. Civil Rights What are civil rights? The rights of all citizens to legal, social, and economic equality . Whom did the 14th amendment apply to? State governments After the civil war which geographical region did the Republicans and Democrats gain support from? Rep.- North; Dem.- South What the difference between the 1st civil rights act in 1866 and the 2nd civil rights act in 1875? What did Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) do? It ruled that separate public facilities for people of different races satisfied the 14 th amendment’s equal protection clause, provided they were “equal”. What is the difference between De jure and De Facto segregation? De jure is set forth in law and de facto exists in real life or in practice. What is the difference between Poll taxes, Grandfather clause, Literacy Test, and White primaries? Poll taxes kept certain groups from voting by charging a fee to vote; Grandfather Clause made it so that people whose grandparents were slaves had to take literacy tests; Literacy Tests are tests that African-Americans had to take in order to be able to vote…they had to be able to read; White primaries excluded African-Americans from Democratic Party primaries. What the difference between Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka and Brown II? Brown v. Board of Education declared that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. What is the issue surrounding busing? NJ state law authorized local school boards to reimburse parents for costs incurred in transporting their children to parochial schools. What are school vouchers? Vouchers were given to disadvantaged students who could use them to pay for tuition at private schools. What is the difference between the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Civil Rights Act of 1968? 1964- banned racial discrimination of government and employers; 1965- Authorized the fed government to ensure that eligible voters were not denied access to the ballot; 1968- What is the difference between Title 2, Title 6, and Title 7 of the 1964 civil
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ISS Revies Sheet 2 - A Civil Rights What are civil rights...

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