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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: Corporal Punishment in Schools: Issues and Challenges Article · April 2014 DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n9p493 CITATIONS 2 READS 8,437 1 author: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: Factors contributing to lower than expected recovery rates of HIV negative children on the therapeutic feeding program View project Ephias Gudyanga Midlands State University 42 PUBLICATIONS 44 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Ephias Gudyanga on 14 April 2015. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
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ISSN 2039-2117 (online) ISSN 2039-9340 (print) Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy Vol 5 No 9 May 2014 493 Corporal Punishment in Schools: Issues and Challenges *Gudyanga E *Mbengo F **Wadesango N *Midlands State University, Faculty of Education, Zimbabwe, [email protected] ** University of Fort Hare, TLC, East London, RSA Doi:10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n9p493 Abstract In this paper the researchers sought to examine the issues and challenges surrounding the notion of corporal punishment in schools. The study was based on secondary data collected through review of studies, reports and policy documents. A thorough analysis of concepts related to corporal punishment such as context of CP, relationship between CP and physical abuse, whether CP promotes or controls deviant behaviour, the relationship between CP and moral internalisation, does CP enable behaviour reform, CP and school pupils retention, CP and cognitive development was done in an endeavour to establish the relationship between CP and behaviour change. The study found that teachers and school heads only match rules to be observed with commensurate punishments, threats and warnings but spend no quality time on explaining why this is acceptable while that is unacceptable thereby not equipping pupils with morals that can substitute deviance. As a result CP did not serve its purpose in schools. Keywords: Corporal punishment, deviant behaviour, moral internalisation, behaviour change 1. Introduction As the school administrators and classroom teachers use corporal punishment in recommended and non-recommended ways respectively to deal with deviance, some deviant pupils find themselves pulling out of school due to non-conformity or non-tolerance to the controlling measure applied on them, ‘corporal punishment.’ Some pupils aggravate or learn methods of continuing with the deviant behaviour clandestinely. There are some people who were deviant during their school going days and have kept on with such tendencies such that the deviant behaviour has matured in them despite being exposed to corporal punishment at school. They continue to display deviance even as they are now adults.
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