Poetry Close Reading and Scansion Glossary.pdf - Poetry...

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Poetry Close Reading/ Scansion Glossaryprosodythe patterns of rhythm and sound used in poetrymetermeteris the rhythm established by apoem, and it is usually dependent not only on thenumber of syllables in a line but also on the way those syllables are accented. Thisrhythm is often described as a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.formarhymeis a repetition of similar sounds (or the same sound) in two or more words, mostoften in the final syllables of lines inpoemsand songsscansionscansionis the process of marking the stresses in apoem, and working out the meterfrom the distribution of stresses. The verb is to scan. 'Mark' can be taken to mean both'notice' and 'annotate', the latter often done with a u for an unstressed syllable and aslash, /, for a stressed onerhythminpoetry,rhythmis expressed through stressed and unstressed syllables. Take theword, 'poetry', for example. The first syllable is stressed, and the last two are unstressed,as in PO-e-trysyntaxthe arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a languageaccentualversestanza or line of poetry with a fixed number of stresses per linepureaccentualmeterstyle of meter that counts only the number of stresses in a linepure syllabicmeterstyle of meter that counts only the number of syllables in a lineaccentual-syllabic meterstanza or line of poetry with both a fixed number of syllablesanda fixed number ofstressesquantitativemetermeter that relies not on the alternation of heavily stressed or lightly stressed syllables,but rather on the alternation of "long syllables" and "short syllables" (i.e., syllablescategorized accordingly to the time interval it takes for the human mouth to pronouncethe syllable). For instance, under this scheme, in English, the wordhourandatare bothone-syllable words of similar stress. However, the wordhourtakes slightly longer toshape in the mouth than the more terse wordat. We might thus call the word

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Term
Spring
Professor
RACHELADAMS

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