1FYS111-H Research ProjectMariah AkerEducation in Hawaii Before and After 1820Dr. MullinMay 14th, 2018“On my honor, I pledge that I have upheld the Honor Code, and that the work I have done onthis assignment has been honest…”Mariah Aker
2“Ke Ali’i wahine o Hawai’i, ‘O Lili’ulani kū i ka moku, Hō’ike mai ana ka i ka nani, ‘O Kalākaua heinoa.”1The song, “He Mele No Lilo” is a well-known song in respect to the last Queen of Hawaii,Queen Liliuokalani, and David Kalakaua. The opening verses pay homage to the Kalakaua Dynasty. Liliuokalani, calling her ‘The Chiefess of Hawai’i, Lili’ulani ruler of the land.’ As well as calling Kalakaua ‘The beauty is revealed, Kalākaua is his name.’ The song calls Kalakaua ‘A flowerthat never fades in the sun, He is the beautiful flower of Hawai’i. “He Mele No Lilo” ` is a great example of an example of how much Queen Liliuokalani and David Kalakaua meant to the Hawaiian people. Queen Liliuokalani received her education at the missionary-run Royal School, where she learned to speak fluent English and musical training.2David Kalakaua also acquired his education through the Royal School.3The two descendants of the first missionary families were the Kalakaua monarchs, and both of them acquired their education from the Western missionaries. There are many questions to consider when thinking about the arrival of the missionaries to the Sandwich Islands. For example, how did education change the way the natives lived? What kinds of ideas/ topics did the missionaries bring over and teach the Natives?What did the Natives already have for an education system if any? Did education improve when the missionaries came? To try and understand these questions, one must look at Joseph Nāwihi,David Kalakaua and Queen Liliuokalani and understand how these Hawaiian natives used education for their benefit. This paper will look at these individual Native Hawaiians as well as the questions to understand the role of education before and after the missionaries came. 1 He Mele No Lilo, Lilo and Stich 2 Biography.com, Liliuokalani Biography, August 20th2015, accessed April 27th20183 HawaiiHistory.org, David Kalakaua Biography, accessed April 5th2018
3When the missionaries came to Hawaii, or the Sandwich Islands in 1820 they brought more than just religious enthusiasm with them. They also brought important notions about literacy and education. Protestants believed that God revealed his word via the Bible, and the Native people needed to read the Bible to know God. Hiram Bingham and Asa Thurston led the missionary families. During the early 1800’s, the first wave of missionaries were Protestants from New England and came to convert the native Hawaiians to Christianity. To help increase the literacy rates of the natives, the missionaries built churches and schools for the children.