Outline Lecture Twenty-three—Conceptual Breakthroughs in Western Science.docx

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Outline Lecture Twenty-three—Conceptual Breakthroughs in Western ScienceI)A New Age of Sciencea)Preconditions for the “Scientific Revolution” in 16thand 17thcenturiesi)Medieval Scholasticismii)Renaissance and Reformationiii) Effects of Exploration(1) E.g. Bacon: “To be the Columbus of the new intellectual world”iv)Commercial interests in science(1) Marriage of the research laboratory and business(2) E.g. James Watt’s steam engine at the University of GlasgowII)Science as Popular Social Revolutiona)Science aszeitgeisti)New, all-inclusive frame of referenceii)Public lectures and scientific publications proliferatediii) New institutional homes to house these new “natural philosophers”(1) On front end—Copernicus’sOn the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheresin 1543(2) Tail end—Newton’sPrincipia Mathematicain 1687b)Science—The New Religion?i)From Platonism to Empiricism(1) Truth based on verifiable evidence—either inductive or deductive(a)Empirical observations—concrete and tangible

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Term
Spring
Professor
chang

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