phil 102 exam 1.docx - Phil 102 Exam#1 Emma Voglmaier...

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Phil 102 Exam #1: Emma Voglmaier- 8205379071.a.Ethics is known as the philosophy of Morale. Philosophers who study ethics are concerned with justifying what makes something right or wrong. Aesthetics, on the other hand, Is the philosophy of art. Philosophers who study ascetics, instead, seek to understand what objectives something as beautiful.b.When answering the question on what it is we can know, a philosopher can be seen as either an empiricist or rationalist. Empiricists are limited to knowledge that can only be obtained through experience. Anything an empiricist is unable to sense will remain unknowable for them. The only knowledge an empiricist can attain is acquired through sense and experience. Rationalists, however, have an ability to obtain knowledge that is not developed through experience. Rationalists, unlike empiricists, also have knowledge from innate ideas that come from their mind within.c.Metaphysics is an area of philosophy that concerns reality. Philosophers, who study metaphysics seek to answer questions about reality, such as “what makes our world really a world”, or “what is that makes us human”? Epistemology, on the other hand, is an area of philosophy that concerns knowledge. Philosophers who study epistemology instead attempt to answer questions like “can we attain knowledge/how do we attain knowledge”, or “if we can attain knowledge, what is it that we can truly know”.d.A philosopher is considered a septic if their epistemological view is that we cannot attain knowledge. However, if a philosopher has an epistemological view that we can attain knowledge, then the philosopher is considered either empiricists or rationalists. Specifically identified depending on how they answer the question “how is knowledge attained”.

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