Lecture 2- 1.24 - History of GIS Three eras o The Era of Innovation o The Era of Commercialization o The Era of Exploitation The Era of Innovation

Lecture 2- 1.24 - History of GIS Three eras o The Era...

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History of GIS Three eras: o The Era of Innovation o The Era of Commercialization o The Era of Exploitation The Era of Innovation o The first GIS (1963): Canada Geographic Information System for Canadian land inventory and the term GIS was introduced o Harvard Lab (1964): Harvard University’s Lab for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis. SYMAP, GRID, CALFORM, and POLYVRT programs explored for the raster versus vector approach to mapping (1966) o DIME (1967): US Census Bureau developed DIME-GDF (Dual Independent Map Encoding – Geographic Database Files), a street (road) address GIS database for 1970 census o ESRI Inc. (1969): Jack Dangermond and his wife Laura founded Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) in 1969: ArcInfo, ArcView, and ArcGIS o Landsat 1 (1972): Landsat 1 was launched and provided the data of the Earth surface and resources The Era of Commercialization o ArcInfo (1981): ArcInfo was launched in 1981 as the first major commercial GIS software

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