European Imperialism in Africa and Asia Directions: go to the website . Working individually or with a partner, answer the following questions. Begin by reading the background section, and then work through the specific case studies. Background Define the following terms: Imperialism: A process where a larger nation takes control of a smaller nation and controls its economic, political, and cultural life. Industrialization: The process of increased economic activity and a rise in population and factory usage. Nationalism: Pride in one’s country/nation. Social Darwinism: A theory expanding on Darwin's survival of the fittest. but in society. The weak, porr, and unable are weeded out of society naturally while those that are strong and capable survive the social struggle. What were the main motivations behind European imperialism ( hint: there are at least three )? Desire for natural resources, nationalism,and the theory of social darwinism. Which of those motivations do you think played the biggest role in imperialism? Why? Which played the smallest role? Why? It would make sense that the leading factor in imperialism is the search for resources and that the least impacting factor was Social Darwinism. The first thing that motivated Europeans to colonize through mercantilism was a search for cheaper resources, so the first and biggest factor for imperialization in Africa and Asia would be economically based. Read through Kipling’s poem. Explain how that poem, coupled with the increasing idea of Social Darwinism, influenced European imperialism. What is the “white man’s burden”? The poem portrays the domination of the “white man” which is the Europeans. This perceived domination in society is fueled by Social Darwinism to expand because Social Darwinism state that the weak shall perish. In general the “white man’s burden” is the job that Europeans have to fulfill by taking the time to colonize and spread their imperialist regime. AFRICA Background Analyze at least three factors why European empires desired to colonize Africa. Africa was strategically placed to maximize the economy because it was in the middle of the world. It was also rich in resources that Europeans needed. Due to the fact that Africa was surrounded on all sides by water, it was readily accessible by boat from Asia, the Americas, and Europe. There were also missionaries that went.
Document A What did the Europeans fail to consider when partitioning Africa? The fact that Africa is easily accessible to a variety of nations, meaning there was great competition for the resources available in mainland Africa.
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