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Running head: SATELLITES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION1Satellites and Environmental ProtectionStudent’s NameInstitutional Affiliation
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SATELLITES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION2Satellites and Environmental ProtectionSources of Pollution in Great Barrier ReefPollution in the Great Barrier Reef primarily emanates from sediment and chemical runoff from the neighboring farms. Most of these farms use fertilizers, which cause massive outbreak of crown-of-thorns starfish that annihilate the coral reefs(Roelfsema et al., 2014). Thunderstorms wash out large amounts of nutrients, chemical pollutants and sediments from cleared forests and the sugarcane fields to the sea, thereby putting the Great Barrier Reef at immense risk. Effects of Pollution on Reefs at Great Barrier ReefThe growth of coral reefs requires clean and clear water in order to obtain the necessary sunlight. Pollutants and other sediments negatively affect coral reefs in the Great Barrier Reef as they prevent access to sunlight, while also smothering the reefs thereby inhibiting the growth of reefs (Selgrath et al., 2016). In addition, chemicals from fertilizers in runoff water could fasten the growth of destructive algae and lower the quality of water in the long-term and the short-term. On the same note, chemical pollution increases the risk of disease and cause coral bleaching. Current Usage of Satellite TechnologyThere are varying ways in which satellite technology is assisting in ocean and sea cleanupefforts, key among which is supporting aerial photography to detect enormous or massive marinedebris. Indeed, it is noteworthy that scientists utilize satellitesto spot and trace the enormous
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