PSY405- Chapter 1 Overview.docx

PSY405- Chapter 1 Overview.docx - Chapter One Introduction...

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Chapter One : Introduction to Personality Theory The term “personality” comes from the Latin persona, or the mask that people present to the outside world, but psychologists see personality as much more than outward appearances. Personality includes all those relatively permanent traits or characteristics that render some consistency to a person’s behavior. A theory is a set of related assumptions that allows scientists to formulate testable hypotheses. Theory should not be confused with philosophy, speculation, hypothesis, or taxonomy, although it is related to each of these terms. Personality theories cover at least five distinct perspectives: psychodynamic, humanistic- positive, dispositional, biological-evolutionary, and learning/social-cognitive
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