University of DelawareFall Semester 2017Woms202___Notes●Burn’s Book Chapter 2○If women are so needed and respected when it comes to raising and having children, why is it that they remain having the low status?■It’s to do with men having greater economic power.■Many feminist or women fighting for gender equality view economics as akey factor of women’s low status in power. ●The lack there of economic power is at the heart of women’s lowerstatus ■Overall worldwide men control more resources such as owning property, or occupying positions with more power than women■Burn gives an example where she says “unicef reports that in pakistan women only own 3% of the land. In camaron women own only 10% of the land. In mexico women own only 22% of the land”●The result of this is that men have greater control of legal, judicial, and political systems.■Burn argues there are three factors associated with men's economic power related to women’s status●First: The private use value ○When societies started using money and trade men have more things to trade ●Second: Interpretation of that private use value○Interpretation that women’s unpaid labor was not and has not been seen as real work. It’s been seen as their natural role. It’s not valued as providing for the family but rather as fulfilling their role to care for children ●Third: Public use or exchange value○The money men made has the ability to be exchanged for
goods(bargaining, or the participation in one family buying from another family). There’s an exchange that happens between men when it comes to valuables.■There is gender bias when it comes to inheritance laws and education ●This leads women at a greater risk of living in poverty■Many countries don't have a retirement system so they rely on their children to take care of them ●They invest in the child that can make the most money ●They push their sons to go to school■Some societies view girls as commodities●If girls are going to take up resources(like eating) she may be sold off into marriage because she has become a burden to the family ○The idea of poverty has a woman's face ■Some call it the feminization of poverty: the gap between women and men caught in the cycle of poverty that has widened in the past decade ■The majority of people living in poverty(making less than $1 a day) are women●As we see an increase of women in poverty it continues to have this feminization of poverty ○Men’s greater political and legal power ■There tends to be a small amount of women in those position●Burn quotes in 2010 “Women =9% of presidents and prime ministers . Women=19% of lawmakers and parliaments and congresses.”■The US has 16% of women in politics and ranked at 75 among the 186 countries with female representatives.