Surname 1Student’s Name:Tutor’s Name:Course Title:Date:A Comparison of Virtue Ethics and UtilitarianismThe Essence of GoodBoth John Stuart Mill in “Utilitarianism” and Aristotle in the Nicomachean Ethics”acknowledge that society needs moral people who engage in ethical activities. In theirwritings, Mill and Aristotle agree that individual’s actions should lead to specific results,which may be either right or wrong. In other words, the focus should be on the end of thegoal, or what the philosophers regard as “telos.”While both Aristotle and Mills concur thatmost people aim to do good, they seem to differ on the exact meaning and the measures of agood deed. In “Nicomachean Ethics,” Aristotle opines that all human beings aim to achieve“eudemonia” which is synonymous with living well and blessedness. Given that eudemoniais a not a static state but a series of activities, people must engage in a series of good actions.In tandem with this opinion, being good is an individual’s ability to develop a habit ofapplying reason while making deliberate choices. Further, being good entails abiding by thedoctrine of the mean. In other words, one’s actions should occur between extremes; neitherdeficient nor excess.Similar to Aristotle, John Stuart Mill states that although people face numerousoptions in their daily lives, their primary goal is to achieve or advance happiness. In hisarticle, Mill presents Utilitarianism as a philosophical approach to evaluating the morality ofchoices that people make. More specifically, the philosophical view aims to analyze laws,policies, actions, decisions among others to determine whether they are good or wrong.Overall, utilitarianism states that a “good” thing is the one that produces the best overall
Surname 2results (Irwin 4). In other words, to be good means to have the tendency to maximize utility.