Magnesium and Calcium.docx - Mg 1.3-2.1 mEq/L Calcium 9...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 4 pages.

Mg: 1.3-2.1 mEq/L Sodium: 135-145 mEq/L Calcium: 9- 10.5 mg/dL Potassium: 3.5- 5 mEq/L Magnesium and Calcium: THEY ACT LIKE SEDATIVES Fact: Magnesium is excreted by the kidneys, but it can be lost in other ways (GI tract)
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Mg: 1.3-2.1 mEq/L Sodium: 135-145 mEq/L Calcium: 9- 10.5 mg/dL Potassium: 3.5- 5 mEq/L Problem Cause Signs/Symptoms Treatment Hypermagnesemia (Think muscles first) (Too much sedative) Renal Failure Antacids Flushing, Warmth, Decreased DTRs, Weak Muscle Tone, Arrhythmias, Decreased LOC, Decreased HR, Decreased Resp. Ventilator Dialysis (Kidneys arn’t working) Calcium Gluconate (Antidote) *Admin slowly IVP (Max 1.5- 2ml/min) Safety Precautions Hypercalcemia (Think muscles first) (Too much sedative) Hyperparathyroidism: Too much PTH (When your serum calcium gets low, parathormone (PTH) kicks in and pulls Ca from the bone and puts it in the blood; therefore, the serum calcium goes up) Thiazides (retain Calcium) Immobilization (You have to bear weight to keep Ca in the bones)
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern