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CHAPTER 1Box 1-4How Other Authors DescribeCritical ThinkingTraitsScheffer and Rubenfeld’s Habits of the Mind1CONFIDENCE:Assurance of one’s reasoning abilities.CONTEXTUAL PERSPECTIVE:Consideration of the whole situation, including relationships, background, andenvironment relevant to some happening.CREATIVITY:Intellectual inventiveness used to generate, discover, or restructure ideas. Imagining alternatives.FLEXIBILITY:Capacity to adapt, accommodate, modify, or change thoughts, ideas, and behaviors.INQUISITIVENESS:An eagerness to know, demonstrated by seeking knowledge and understanding throughobservation, and thoughtful questioning to explore possibilities and alternatives.INTELLECTUAL INTEGRITY:Seeking the truth through sincere, honest processes, even if the results are contraryto one’s assumptions and beliefs.INTUITION:Insightful sense of knowing without conscious use of reason.OPEN-MINDEDNESS:A viewpoint characterized by being receptive to divergent views and sensitive to one’s biases.PERSEVERANCE:Pursuit of a course with determination to overcome obstacles.REFLECTION:Contemplation on a subject, especially on one’s assumptions andthinking for the purposes of deeperunderstanding and self-evaluation.Facione’sCritical Thinking Dispositions2TRUTHSEEKING:A courageous desire for the best knowledge, even if such knowledge fails to support orundermines one’s preconceptions, beliefs, or self-interest.OPEN-MINDEDNESS:Tolerance of divergent views; self-monitoring for possible bias.ANALYTICITY:Demanding the application of reason and evidence; alert to problematic situations; inclined toanticipate consequences.SYSTEMATICITY:Valuing organization; focusing; being diligent about problems of all levels of complexity.CRITICAL THINKING SELF-CONFIDENCE:Trusting one’s own reasoning skills; seeing oneself as a goodthinker.INQUISITIVENESS:Curious and eager to acquire knowledge and learn explanations even when the applications ofthe knowledge are not immediately apparentMATURITY:Prudence in making, suspending, or revising judgment; awareness that multiple solutions can beacceptable; appreciation of the need to reach closure even in the absence of complete knowledge.Paul and Elder’s Intellectual Traits3INTELLECTUAL HUMILITY:Consciousness of limits of your knowledge; willingness to admit what you don’tknow.INTELLECTUAL COURAGE:Awareness of the need to face and fairly address ideas, beliefs, or viewpoints to whichyou haven’t given serious listening.INTELLECTUAL EMPATHY:Consciousness of the need to imaginatively put yourself in the place of others togenuinely understand them.INTELLECTUAL AUTONOMY:Having control over your beliefs, values, and inferences; being an independentthinker.

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