Multicultural Psychology Midterm Study Sheet.docx -...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 39 pages.

We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 8 / Exercise 13
Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World
Jackson/Satzinger
Expert Verified
INTRODUCTION TO MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY WHAT IS MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY? IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS - Culture: The values, beliefs, and practices of a group of people, shared through symbols, and passed down from generation to generation. Narrow vs. broad definitions: what counts as “culture”? o Narrow: race, ethnicity, nationality o Broad: wide range of diversity that encompasses differences beyond race, ethnicity, and nationality e.g., language, gender, spirituality, sexual preference, age, SES Six uses of culture in everyday language o Descriptive: Specific behaviors and activities associated with a culture o Historical: A group’s heritage and traditions o Normative: The rules that govern the behavior of a group o Psychological: Emphasizes behavioral processes, such as learning and problem solving o Structural: Reflects the organization elements of a culture o Genetic: Refers to the origins of that culture Cultural Context of Behavior o Biopsychosocial model Considers the effect of biological, psychological, and social forces on behavior Helps explain the effect of culture on behavior All behavior occurs in and is impacted by a cultural context Until recently, this has been ignored by the field
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 8 / Exercise 13
Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World
Jackson/Satzinger
Expert Verified
- Race: Two major perspectives 1. Biological 2. Sociocultural History of Race o Age of Enlightenment Biological concept of race (2-63 categories) Based on phenotypic characteristics o The Great Chain of being Hierarchical structure of life Crept in racial organizations in Western Europe o Scientific Racism and the dubious history of psychology - Ethnicity: 1. a mixture of race and culture 2. more self-defined and relies less on physical appearance - Intersectionality : the meaningful ways in which various social statuses interact (e.g. race, gender, social status) and result in differing experiences with oppressive and privilege - Multicultural psychology: the systematic study of behavior, cognition and affect in settings where people of different backgrounds interact History of Multicultural Psychology o IQ Lewis Terman concluded that children of non-White races were not capable of abstract thinking and were genetically inferior o Results of such studies had serious consequences Early Studies and Research o 1930’s: Ethnic minority researchers enter the scene Refute beliefs about mental inferiority of non-White Races
o Nigrescence model (Cross, 1971): “The process of becoming Black" 5 stages in the development of racial identity Sparked work on ethnic identity o The Racial Identity Attitude Scales (Parham & Helms, 1981) o Clark (1939) “Doll Studies” Results played key role in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and the desegregation of schools o Gender Kohlberg’s moral reasoning work & Carol Gilligan’s findings on gender differences Men based moral choices on principles such as justice and fairness Women based moral choices of compassion and care WHY? Different biological, social-interpersonal, and cultural experiences o Unique concerns of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender populations -

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture