Impoverished women in Bom Jesus say that an ideal family has three children, yet most poor women undergo somewhere between nine and twelve pregnancies to rear four to six living children. A question that comes to our minds, as to Nancy Scheper-Hughes’s mind, is—why do these women have so many children? Why, indeed?Raising Children in Bom Jesus is exceptionally difficult due to the widespread poverty, disease, and lack of basic subsistence that is available for most families. While it does not seem to make logical sense for the woman to have many children, most women in Bom Jesus still birthand raise far more children than they can easily provide for. The begs the question why woman still have so many children and this can be attributed to several different factors. A first explanation as to why woman in Bom Jesus have so many children is that Brazil atthe time of Death Without Weeping was a predominantly Catholic culture and woman were expected to act and behave themselves in accordance to Catholic values. Woman often say that “If God is willing then I must be willing too.”(pg. 333) The Catholic Church also prohibits the use of birth control and aside from the religious reasons, women of Bom Jesus also developed other reasons why they refuse to take birth control stating that the pills. This included stating the pills made them ill and adversely affected their whole nervous system (pg. 333). Other forms of birth control such as jellies were rarely used and diagrams were unknown to the area. While woman are aware of the troubles that come with an excess of children to take care of in Bom Jesus, like most people they still wish to engage in sexual activities. It is understandable that many women in Bom Jesus would be welcome to the idea of birth control, woman continue to have so many children due to a biproduct of being influenced to abide by religious and cultural values and a lack of available contraceptive resources.