Chapter 15 Inflammation Infection and Antimicrobials Student.ppt

Chapter 15 Inflammation Infection and Antimicrobials Student.ppt

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Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Chapter 15 Chapter 15 Inflammation, Infection, and the Inflammation, Infection, and the Use of Antimicrobial Agents Use of Antimicrobial Agents Chapter 15 Chapter 15 Inflammation, Infection, and the Use of Antimicrobial Agents Use of Antimicrobial Agents
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Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved OBJECTIVES: Identify the common etiologies of inflammation. Discuss the pathophysiology of inflammation. Describe, in general, the groups of drugs used to treat inflammation. Identify the common pathogens and methods of infection control. Discuss the pathophysiology of infection. Discuss ways to minimize emergence of drug-resistant microorganisms. Discuss ways to increase the benefits and decrease the risk associated with antimicrobial drug therapy. Know how to apply the nursing process to the care of the patient who is receiving antimicrobial therapy.
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Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved ANTIMICROBIAL MEDICATIONS Used to treat or prevent infections Caused by pathogens Are necessary when host defense mechanisms are inadequate to ward off infection
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Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved MICROORGANISMS AND INFECTIONS Microorganisms attach to host cell receptors. Invade tissues Multiply Produce infection Biological adaptations protect microbes from host defense mechanisms and antimicrobials.
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Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved MICROORGANISM CLASSIFICATIONS Bacteria Viruses Fungi
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Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved NORMAL MICROBIAL FLORA Body areas that are colonized with microorganisms that protect host Skin Upper respiratory tract Colon If normal flora is suppressed via antimicrobial therapy: Potential pathogens may thrive.
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Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved NORMAL MICROBIAL FLORA (CONT.) Normal flora can cause disease in certain conditions.
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  • Fall '15
  • Sandra Rodriguez
  • Bacteria,  Describe,  Discuss ways

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