Chapter 1 - Theories.docx - Introduction and Overview...

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Introduction and Overview – Chapter 1IntroSurveys 11 approaches to counseling and psychotherapy Includes features like therapeutic process (and goals), the client-therapist relationship, and specific procedures used to in the practice of counseling Help you develop a balanced view of the major ideas of various therapist and the practical techniques they employ Learn how to integrate concepts and techniques from different approaches when defining your own personal synthesis and framework for counseling Where I standStrongly influenced by the existential approach oDoes not prescribe a set of techniques and procedures oDraw techniques from the other models of therapy Like using role-playing techniques Cognitive behaviour therapy is used as well Respects the psychoanalytic emphasis on early psychosexual and psychosocial development oOne’s past plays a crucial role in shaping one’s current personality and behaviour oAuthor challenges the deterministic notion that humans are the product of their early conditioning and, thus, are victims of their ast, an exploration of the past is essential, particularly to the degree that the past continues to influence present-day emotional or behavioural difficulties Author values how the cognitive behavioural focuses on how our thinking affects the way we feel and behave oCan be overemphasize feelings and thinking and not explore how clients are behaving Values the emphasis on specific goals and on encouraging clients to formulate concrete aims for their own therapy sessions and in life o“contracts” developed by clients are useful as well as specific “homework assignments”Other methods involve collaboration between therapist and client shared responsibility oTeaching clients ways to use what they learn in therapy in their everyday lives,oEssential that clients put what they learn in therapy into practice in their everyday life Clients can exercise increasing freedom to choose their future o

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