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Betty MittelstaedtJoshua AubolEnglish 10122 May 2019Exploratory SynthesisMany parents discuss daily with their teenage daughter or son about the legal drinking age in the United States. Often parents cannot come up with valid explanations, which is why I am interested in investigating the arguments used to justify the law. Not just the average American is interested in the impact of the drinking age, but many scientists are researching about the impact of different drinking ages. My question to the society is,” What would be the impact of a change of the drinking age in the United States from twenty-one to eight-teen?”. I aminterested in this question because I am from a country where the drinking age is sixteen and I donot understand the reasoning for a drinking age as high as twenty-one. Especially the younger generation will be interested in this question because it concerns all citizens of the United States. The lowering of the drinking age could change whole generations and the alcohol culture. We live in the year 2019 and I strongly believe that changes of outdated laws are necessary to improve and develop a society and government. The government should focus not just on the economical well-being of its citizens but also about its psychological health.The psychological well-being has similar trends within people that consum alcohol underage and over twenty-one. However, the high drinking age does not have a negative immediate spillover effect on those that are of age. The researchers Ceren Ertan Yörük and Baris K. Yörük wrote the article, “The impact of drinking on psychological well-being: Evidence from minimum drinking age laws in the United States”, which focuses on the connection of alcohol
consume and the psychological well-being of the younger generation. Yörük and Yörük try to find reasons, that concern the people’s mental health, to justify the current minimum drinking age. The evidence found shows that drinking age at 21 leads to an increased alcohol consumptiononce one turns 21 but that does not have any effect on the psychological well-being of the people, using the data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (Yörük and Yörük). However, not just the psychological well-being is important to the nation, but the general public health is always a concern to determine a new drinking age as well. Public health is often measured in mortality rates to define how people die and under which influences. Cristopher Carpenter’s and Carlos Dobkin’s research paper “The minimum legal drinking age and public health” talks about the evaluation of the effects of the minimum drinking age on alcohol consumption and its mortality. The mortality is categorized as internal and external to differentiate the causes for deaths. A reason for the increase of drinking age,
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English, Drinking culture, Legal drinking age, National Minimum Drinking Age Act