IMPERIAL EXPANSION AFTER 1760 Why? Money? Religion? Balance of Power Politics? An Elite Game Geo-Politics: East Asia, Central Asia, Africa Europeans: 75% of Earth's Surface by 1914 India: The Great Game Afghanistan: Graveyard of Empires? Where is it ? The Great Game: a buffer state Boundaries--drawn by imperial powers First Afghan War 1839-1842 Dost Mohammed--unstable! Shah Shuja General Elphinstone's death march 16,000 dead or captured Reprisals--Kabul levelled.
Orientalism Ungovernable--"wild tribes" Fanatics of Algiers (Delacroix) Cruel Women Indian "Mutiny" of 1857, or The First Indian War of Independence Second Afghan War 1878-1880 Russian influence in Kabul Ayub Khan More military disasters Battle of Kandahar (memorial in Glasgow, Scotland) India Indian National Congress 1885 Muslim League 1906 Road to Democracy? China: Qing Dynasty 1644-1912 Western Expansion in China Opium Wars Foreign Presence Missionaries Shipping Taxation
Taiping Rebellion 1851-1864 Boxer Rebellion 1898-1900 China Dr. Sun Yat Sen (d. 1925)
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- Fall '19
- Qing Dynasty