"Supply-side Economics"Sometimes called "trickle-down economics" by critics, this economic program instituted by Reaganrelied on high-interest rates to curb inflation and lower taxes, especially for businesses and high-income Americans, to stimulate private investment. Critics complained that lowering taxes onwealthy Americans would do little to directly help poor and middle-class Americans."Vietnam Syndrome"This term describes the widespread public reluctance in the 1980s to commit American forcesoverseas.AfghanistanRelations with Moscow deteriorated when the Carter Administration opposed the Soviet Union'sdecision to send thousands of troops into this country. Not only did the U.S. send aid to the faction inthis country fighting against Soviet troops, but Carter also organized a Western boycott of the 1980Olympics, which were held in Moscow.Anti-Ballistic Missile TreatyPresident Nixon negotiated this arms-control treaty with the Soviet Union that banned thedevelopment of systems designed to intercept incoming missiles so that neither side in the Cold Warwould be tempted to attack the other without fearing devastating retaliation.Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)In this 1986 decision, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of state laws that outlawedhomosexual acts. Later, in 2003, the justices reversed this decision and declared unconstitutionallaws that criminalized homosexuality.CambodiaIn 1970, Nixon ordered American troops into this neutral country in an effort to cut North Vietnamesesupply lines. The invasion of this country did not achieve its military goals; instead, it destabilizedthat country and eventually brought to power the Khmer Rouge, a local communist movement thatcommitted widespread massacres in that unfortunate country.Camp David AccordsIn 1979, President Carter invited leaders of Egypt and Israel to the presidential retreat outsideWashington, D.C. where he brokered this historic peace agreement signed by Egyptian presidentAnwar Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin.ChinaIn 1972, most Americans were astonished when President Nixon visited this country. Nixon's publicvisit to this nation had been secretly negotiated by his secretary of state and national securityadvisor, Henry Kissinger.
D tenteThis term was used to describe a new era of cooperation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.President Nixon and his Soviet counterpart, Leonid Brezhnev, proclaimed this new era of "peacefulcoexistence" that would replace the hostility of the Cold War.Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)During Nixon's presidency, this new federal agency was created to oversee programs to combatwater and air pollution, clean up hazardous wastes, and require "environmental impact" statementsfrom projects that received federal funding.