MIDTERM - PART 3 1 WHEN DID ISLAM ARRIVE IN ASIA WHY DID IT...

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PART 3 1. WHEN DID ISLAM ARRIVE IN ASIA? WHY DID IT BECOME A MAJOR RELIGION IN SOME AREAS BUT NOT IN OTHERS? BE SURE TO INCLUDE IN YOUR DISCUSSION THOSE REGIONS OF ASIAN WHERE ISLAM NEVER BECAME A MAJOR FORCE. ARRIVAL Saudi Arabia in beginning of 7th century A merchant, Muhammad, in Mecca founded the faith based on what he and his followers believed to be revelations to him from god. (Muhammad was the Prophet) Faith incorporated Jewish and Christian traditions (meal preparation and angels/afterlife) There were 5 pillars , duties that the Islams believed in. Profession of faith Formal prayers (5 times a day) Assistance to the poor and disadvantage Fasting Make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. MAJOR RELIGION Central Asia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Malaysia Spread to SOUTH ASIA by Arab, Persian, and Turkic Muslim Merchants who traveled along the SILK ROAD People who perform Islamic practices are called Muslims Emphasized on equality of believers (challenged the power of the ruling classes and the theology that appealed to peasants and merchants in the coastal regions) NOT SUCCESSFUL? Korea and Japan Centralized government conflicts with belief of equality Challenged ruling class , which was appealing for the peasants (which Choson was mainly made up of) Strong existing buddhist religion established Not in Japan or Korea but in western China and Yunan In East Asia: Mahayana Buddhism dominates and Confucianism (but that's not a religion) In Majapahit (Malay) Islam got in due to trade with India 2. WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND RITUAL AND POLITICS IN ASIA
BEFORE 1800? DISCUSS AT LEAST THREE COUNTRIES OF WHICH ONE SHOULD BE IN EAST ASIA, SOUTH ASIA, SOUTHEAST ASIA/CENTRAL ASIA(MONGOLIA OR TIBET)

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