DOROTHEA E. OREM SELF-CARE DEFICIT THEORY Presented by Stephanie Ackley, Katerina Fausnaught, Krystal Shook, Bridget Vargas, & Tasha Williams Oklahoma Wesleyan University
Dorothea Elizabeth Orem July 15, 1914 – June 22, 2007
Brief Overview Doretha Orem was born in July 15, 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland. She earned her nursing diploma from the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Washington, D.C in 1934. She completed her Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 1939 and her Master’s of Science in Nursing in 1945, both from the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. She earned many doctorate honors over the years from many prestigious universities including Georgetown. She worked as dean, director, and curriculum consultant for many prestigious hospitals and state nursing offices, including Johns Hopkins. She was inducted into the American Academy of Nursing, and received awards from the National League for Nursing and the Sigma Theta Tau Nursing Honor Society.
Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory Orem’s theory focuses on each “individual’s ability to perform self-care, defined as ‘the practice of activities that individuals initiate and perform on their own behalf in maintaining life, health, and well-being.'” The Self-Care or Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing is composed of three interrelated theories: (1) the theory of self-care, (2) the self-care deficit theory, (3) the theory of nursing systems.
Basic Concepts in Dorothea Orem’s Theory ….
Theory of Self-Care Self-Care Self-Care Agency Self-Care Requisites: -Universal -Developmental -Health Deviation Therapeutic self-care demand
Theory of Self-Care Deficit When therapeutic self-care demand exceeds self-care agency, a self-care deficit exists which creates a “nursing” need.
Theory of Nursing Systems Nursing agency Nursing Systems: -Wholly compensatory -Partly compensatory -Supportive-educative
Assumptions & Relationships in Self-Care Deficit Theory ….
Assumptions Five major assumptions: “Human beings require continuous deliberate inputs to themselves and their environments to remain alive and function in accord with natural human endowments”. Related to self-care and self-care requisites concepts. “Human agency, the power to act deliberately, is exercised in the form of care of self and others in identifying needs for and in making needed inputs”.
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