Nightingale’s Environmental Theory ■ By : ■ Carvalho, Katelyn ■ Foreman, Hailey ■ Lamb, Whitney ■ Mena, Rony ■ Sheedy, Allison ■ Grand Canyon University
■ “Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory presents disease as a reversible process achieved by altering the patient’s environment.” (Whitney, S., 2018) ■ The environment we live in plays a huge role in our health, our patient’s health, and ultimately the outcome of their health. ■ Good hygiene + clean environment = happy, healthy patients
Figure 1: Nightingale’s Environmental Theory Conceptual Framework. ( Nurselabs , 2019 )
■ “Environmental factors include fresh air, sunlight, clean water, adequate food supply, efficient drainage, good hygiene, low noise, adequate temperature, and a clean environment.” (Whitney, S., 2018). ■ As nurses, we are responsible for the environment that surrounds our patients. ■ We promote and educate our patients on good hygiene care, hand-washing, and maintaining a clean hospital room. ■ With incontinent patients, we educate them to report if they are soiled or if they are unable to tell us that, we check their briefs frequently to ensure they are not dirty. We also do daily bed linen and grown linen changes to keep the environment as clean as possible.
Nightingale's Framework proves her theory that the patient is always the center of our care as nurses. ■ The nurse has a role in the patients environmental manipulation, to ensure they are getting proper care. Giving them proper hygiene, a balanced diet, a clean environment, and any other basic needs. ■ Her framework illustrates that human beings are a part of a complex ecosystem and need balance in order to maintain. ■ A balanced system of values the healing process of the patient, and all involving factors. ■ Ventilation being one of Nightingales environmental factors shows how we today still use her theory and model because we know now that if we have a patient, with a certain disease, they need a special room and air duct system. This prevents the spread of infection and improves the care of each patient.
Metaparadigm Concepts Figure 2: Metaparadigm Concepts ( Consulting & Education, 2019 )
■ Person– the recipient of care ■ Environmental– internal and external factors ■ Health– well-being and utilizes teaching and education ■ Nursing– managing the environment to put the patient in the best situation to manage their health Person refers to the patient, client, individual, family, community, or group. Environment includes external and internal sources to each
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- Spring '15
- Nursing, environmental theory