NRS-430V-Professional Dynamics-W3 Q1How has nursing practice evolved over time? Discuss the key leaders and historical events that have influenced the advancement of nursing, nursing education, and nursing roles that are now part of the contemporary nursing profession.Caring for the sick has been a necessity throughout history, and even before Christianity, men were responsible for patient care. During this era patient, nursing care was provided on a "trial and error basis" since science, research, and evidence-based practice had yet to be discovered, and all disease and death was blamed on evil spirits (Spector, 2004). At the same time, women who tried to practice the profession were considered witches (Ehrenreich & English, 1973).After a worldwide industrial revolution leading to overcrowding, and unsanitary conditions became commonplace among industrialized cities, and this allowed plagues to take place, which was the leading cause of illness and death. In the 18th century, the government started to make connections between health, hand hygiene, and transmission of disease; this led to the establishment of public health (Mullan, 1989). Then, Florence Nightingale came along andstarted the process of what nursing care is today. Nightingale wrote on her book that she thought that patient care was based on three pillars: health promotion, disease prevention, and risk reduction (Whitney, 2018, Chapter 2, p. 4). Also, she stated in her book that nursing "ought to signify the proper use of fresh air, light, warmth, cleanliness, quiet and the proper selection and administration of diet-all at the least expense of vital power to the patient" (Nightingale, 1859, p.8). Lilian Wald, a public health pioneer and social worker, helped to fund the Visiting Nurse Service of New York and the Henry Street Settlement House in 1893 with the help of her friend, Mary Brewster. This foundation cared for the poor immigrants located on the Lower east side of Manhattan, which is still operating today providing services to thousands of patients. Also, one
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