1Congress & The PresidentPOL/115
2Congress & The PresidentDuring the Constitutional Convention, the framers of our government built our Constitution to provide checks and balances to ensure that we would not go back to a monarchialrule. The framers established a three-branch government that is still in use today. As time has passed, some of the framer’s work on designing our government has changed but the foundation is still present with the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.CongressCongress is the legislative branch of our government. The framers built a bicameral congress that made the House the lower chamber and the Senate the upper chamber. The framersdesigned Congress so that each state would have 2 senatorial seats in congress and the seat in thehouse would be based on population. The House started out with 65 members and has grown to 435 members today when it was capped in The Reapportionment Act of 1929. The Senate started out with 26 members and has grown to 100 members to represent our 50 states. Congresshas the power to impeach the President, levy taxes, borrow funds, declare war and regulate commerce.House of RepresentativesAt the beginning, there were no political parties in the House, and it was all based on howmembers voted. Today, we have parties in the House, the republican party and the democratic party. The party with the most seats in the House becomes the majority party and the one with the least seats are the minority party and each party has its own leader. The majority party has the responsibility of electing the Speaker of the House. Each party also has a whip that goes around to get votes on bills from their respective party. Committees are a part of the House of Representatives that work on core topics such as Agriculture, appropriations, budget, and ethics.
3The House is limited to how many debates they have due to the size of the members and is more organized with a hierarchal system compared to the Senate.
- Fall '15
- Separation of Powers, President of the United States, United States Congress, United States House of Representatives