chapter6 - FEEDBACK, REINFORCEMENT, AND INTRINSIC...

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FEEDBACK,  REINFORCEMENT, AND  INTRINSIC MOTIVATION CHAPTER 6
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WHAT IS REINFORCEMENT? The use of rewards and punishment that increase or decrease the likelihood of a similar response occurring in the future
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PRINCIPLES OF REINFORCEMENT They are complex…. Why? People react differently to the same reinforcement. People are unable to repeat desirable behaviors. People receive different reinforcers in different situations.
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GUIDELINES FOR USING  REINFORCEMENT Choose effective reinforcers Social- praise, smile, publicity Material- trophies, medals, ribbons, t-shirts Activity- playing a game vs. drilling, play different  position, taking a trip (spring break training) Special outings-prof. game, team party, guest speaker  like a pro athlete
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GUIDELINES OF REINFORCEMENT Choose timing or schedule of reinforcement Early learning—continuous and immediate reinforcement desirable Learned skill—intermittent and immediate reinforcement desirable Reward Appropriate Behaviors Reward Performance, Not Outcome why?  The outcome is not always in the player’s  control! Reward Effort
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GUIDELINES OF REINFORCEMENT  CTD. Reward Emotional and Social Skills Good sportsmanship, responsibility, judgment,  self-control Especially important for youth athletes Make Feedback Specific
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TYPES OF FEEDBACK Instructional Motivational Enhances confidence, increases effort and energy  expenditure, creates positive mood
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APPROACHES TO INFLUENCING  BEHAVIOR Negative punishing undesirable behaviors, which should lead to future redirection of these inappropriate behaviors Positive rewarding appropriate behavior = increases in the likelihood of desirable responses occurring in the future What should be the predominant approach?
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PUNISHMENT What are the drawbacks?
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSYCH 388 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UNC Greensboro.

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chapter6 - FEEDBACK, REINFORCEMENT, AND INTRINSIC...

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