human sexuality exam 2.docx - .Sex Biology female or male...

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Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
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Chapter 8 / Exercise 8
Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
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. Sex: Biology, female or male or intersex - differences anatomy, chromosomes, hormones 2. Intersex: Possessing biological sexual characteristics of both sexes 3. Gender: Social, cultural characteristics (femininity vs masculinity) -Sociologists argue that gender is also learned through socialization 4. Transgender: Person whose gender identity does not match anatomy, so they adopt social characteristics of other sex 5. Transexual: Person whose gender identity does not match anatomy, so they have surgery and/or hormones to change biologically into the other sex 6. In Growing Up Trans, what are some of the challenges these children and their families face? How
7. In Southern Comfort, who is Robert Eads, and why is he the subject of this documentary? What is
SEXUAL ORIENTATION 8. What does it mean to say that sexuality is socially constructed?: There have been more and more labels for sexuality developing and changing over time 9. Sexual Preference: a choice/decision 10. Sexual Orientation: a feeling; not a choice/decision 11. Stigma: A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person. 12. What are some specific examples of how people who are gay/lesbian/bisexual are stigmatized in our society?: -Language (slurs, name calling)
-Homelessness -Employment -Education -Hate crimes RACE-ETHNICITY AND SEX 13. Race: Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor. 14. Ethnicity: The fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition. 15. What does it mean to say that race is socially constructed?: ...
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Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
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Chapter 8 / Exercise 8
Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications
Nevid
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16. What were anti-miscegenation laws?: Laws that enforce racial segregation at the level of marriage and intimate relationships by criminalizing interracial marriage and sometimes also sex between members of different races DISABILITY AND SEX 17. Disability: Reduced ability to perform tasks one would normally do at a given stage of life -Is made worse by individual as well as institutional discrimination -Physical, mental/intellectual, learning, emotional 18. Disability Stats: -20% of U.S. pop has some type of disability -15% born with it; 85% get it later in life (accident, disease, crime victimization, environmental hazards, elderly) 19. How do many disabled men "compensate" for the disability?: Disabled individuals are often viewed as unattractive by society's standards of beauty -disabled men seen as weak, passive, not a real man, so

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