Justice_and_the_Othered_Minority_Lessons.pdf - Justice and the Othered Minority Lessons from African Communalism Anselm Kole Jimoh Contents Introduction.

Justice_and_the_Othered_Minority_Lessons.pdf - Justice and...

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Justice and the Othered Minority Lessons from African Communalism Anselm Kole Jimoh Contents Introduction ....................................................................................... 2 Philosophizing the Notion of the Other and Othering ...................................... 3 Othering and Human Peaceful Coexistence ...................................................... 7 Justice and Othering .............................................................................. 11 African Communalism and Otherness ........................................................... 12 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 14 References ........................................................................................ 16 Abstract There are minority groups in every human society, which are often leftovers of the one major group of persons within such society viewed as the self-contained group that has nothing to do with the other minority groups. The Other is conventionally seen as a threat to the one. Othering within societies invariably results in the exclusion of the Other from the one. By Othering, we mentally or practically classify an individual or group as not one of us and, therefore, inferior or less a human person than we are, a process of casting another person, group, or object into a position or role different from mine or ours, and I or we consequently establish my or our identity in opposition to the Other person in a relationship of superiority that allows me or us vilify the Other. Through Othering, we create a system of social exclusion that systematically blocks the Othered minority indi- vidual or group from rights and opportunities that are fundamentally the preroga- tive of all. Hence, issues of justice for the Othered minority naturally arise. This is manifested in the xenophobic treatment of African foreigners in South Africa and Christian minority groups in the mainly Muslim North of Nigeria. The socially A. K. Jimoh ( * ) Department of Philosophy, SS. Peter and Paul Major Seminary, Ibadan, Nigeria e-mail: [email protected] © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019 E. Ima fi don (ed.), Handbook of African Philosophy of Difference , Handbooks in Philosophy, 1
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excluded is con fi ned to the fringe of society as the minority, whose basic and fundamental rights become privileges by virtue of the Otherness. This chapter critically analyzes and evaluates the manner of othering and exclusion of minority groups in African societies. My primary concern is to examine the role of African communitarian theory in the face of Othering in African societies. I argue that our constant awareness and acknowledgment of our commonness beyond self- contained groups ensures justice and equity in our interpersonal relationships in any human society. Keywords Othering · Justice · Xenophobia · Globalization · African communalism Introduction The empirical manifestation of differences in the global world at large and African societies in particular requires a critical analysis, especially within the context of well-known African communitarianism. Every human person is a composite of emotions, ideas, motivations, re exes, priorities, etc. These vary in degrees as individuals differ by virtue of environmental, social, psychological, and mental abilities. These differentiations do not make an individual a lesser person than the Other individual. Othering,
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