Themes_in_African_Worldview..pdf.pdf - INTRODUCTION The African people are greatly affected by conventions handed over from generation to generation and

Themes_in_African_Worldview..pdf.pdf - INTRODUCTION The...

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INTRODUCTIONThe African people are greatly affected by conventions handed over from generation to generation and holdin high esteem their cultural values. Deep rooted desire to conform to the cultural background of an Africancannot be overemphasized and the whole thought process of an African is hinged on his rich culturalheritage. The traditional beliefs and practices of the African people are diverse with different ethnicreligions. Despite the variation, Africans generally have a common conception of life, time, development,freedom and determinism, death and afterlife based on the African Traditional Religion, which havesignificant and pervasive influences on their lives and character greatly, and an indicator of their ideas andconception of the world around them. Opoku avers that religion rounds up the totality of African culture; aperson does not need any special instruction in religions. He picks it up as he grows up and begins toparticipate in the communal rituals and ceremonies.1While generalizations of African Traditional religionsare difficult, due to the diversity of African cultures, they do have some characteristics in common.Generally, they are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a Supreme Being, belief in spirits and otherdivinities, veneration of ancestors, use of magic, and traditional medicine.2To understand Africans andenhance relationship with them, it is apt to understand these aforementioned concepts with regards to theAfrican people. This work will try to x-ray the concepts in the worldview of Africa.CONCEPTUALCLARIFICATIONLIFE:Some biologist and philosophers reject the idea of a definition of life as they believe that it is anirreducible fact about the natural world. Aristotle views it as an animation, a fundamental irreducibleproperty of nature. Descartes view life as a mechanism and Kant view it as organization. Life is an emergentproperty of particular kinds of complex systems3the meaning of life according to people is determined bytheir belief system. The concept of life is concerned with the significance of living or existence. Thereligious perspective of which the African is strongly an adherent of explains life in terms of an implicitpurpose not defined by humans.TIME: Time is an observed phenomenon, by means of which human beings sense and record changes in theenvironment and the universe. A literal definition is elusive. Time has been called an illusion, a dimension,a smooth- flowing continuum, and an expression of separation among events that occur in the same physicallocation. Numerous standards have been set up, allowing people to coordinate events and, in general, keeptheir lives running smoothly.4Aristotle defines time as numerousmotus secundum prius et posterius; time is1Opoku, K. A.West African Traditional Religion, (Lagos: F.E.P.) 1978 p. 112‘Traditional African Religion - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.html’3Weber, B.H.What is Life? Defining Life in the Context of Emergent Complexity, Origin of Life and Evolution of Biospheres
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