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Running head: THEORY OF GOAL ATTAINMENT1Theory of Goal AttainmentNekeisha A. BaskoSouth UniversityOctober 30, 2018
THEORY OF GOAL ATTAINMENT2Theory of Goal AttainmentNurse leaders have devoted their expertise, knowledge, and skills to develop theories thatreflect the framework of nursing. Nursing theory is defined as a set of concepts, definitions, andmodels that are derived from logical thinking, inductive reasoning, and provide the foundationthat facilitates nursing care delivery (Adib-Hajbaghery & Tahmouresi, 2018). This paper willdiscuss Imogene King’s theory of goal attainment focusing on the theorist background,phenomenon of concern, theory description, theory evaluation, and theory application in nursing.BackgroundTheorist’s BackgroundImogene King was a pioneer nursing theorist and developed the middle-range theory ofgoal attainment in the 1960s.Prior to her nursing role she was going to pursue a teaching careerbut her uncle who was a surgeon offered to pay her nursing school tuition and she accepted tomove out her small town. King completed nursing school and obtained her bachelors, masters,and doctorate degree. She worked as a clinical instructor and played a huge role in transitioningthe school curriculum from a medical model to a nursing focused model.King became interestedin nursing theories due to nursing education in the ‘40s and ‘50s following the medical modelinstead of the nursing model where nurses could focus on the patient rather than the diagnosis.Patricia Messmer is a nurse researcher that utilized King’s theory in 1989 and it wasbased on King’s concept of perception and how it’s important in caring for patients with humanimmunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome who were diagnosed withtuberculosis (Messmer, 2006). The study showed how the perception of possibly acquiringtuberculosis was necessary for the nurses to plan interventions such as adhering to properstandard and airborne precautions that will protect themselves and their patients.Messmer used
THEORY OF GOAL ATTAINMENT3King’s concepts that helped to understand how communication and interactions could influencehow nurses and patients interact and their outcomes.Phenomenon of ConcernThe field of nursing has so many theories and the goal attainment theory is one of themost important ones that can be used in nursing education, nurse-patient relationship, and more,One of the main concerns in nursing that encouraged King to develop this theory is to understandas an educator the importance of providing a framework to nursing students that will guide andmentor them in their future as a nurse and help nurses understand the nursing-patient relationshipand how working together can achieve goals.Another example of the use of the goal attainmenttheory is when a nurse and a patient communicate and develop a mutual goal, and then agreeingto the interventions to achieve the goal, the individual then achieves this goal resulting withfavorable outcomes.