Final - Emilia Mocarski Phil 005 Final Exam 2. Cognitive...

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Emilia Mocarski Phil 005 Final Exam 2. Cognitive theory looks for more precise answers to questions raised about film reception by semiotics and psychoanalytic theory. It “seeks to understand human though, emotion, and action by appeal to processes of mental representation, naturalistic processes, and (some sense of) rational agency.” The belief that humans are born with physiological and cognitive systems is stressed by cognitivists. They draw on theories of perception, reasoning, and information- processing to understand how films are perceived and followed in terms of cause-effect narrative and space-time relations. Most cognitivists would agree on two statements; that the processes of film spectatorship are best understood as rationally motivated attempts to make visual or narrative sense out of text materials, and that these processes of making sense are alike to the ones that we use in our every day life. There are seven main problems that cognitivists have with “screen theory.” It basically rejects many of “screen theory’s” first principles. First, it rejects the theory that film is “language-like” and can be apprehended through a linguistic-semiological approach. Second, it is in favor of the conscious and preconscious operations instead of the unconscious. Third, cognitivism is supportive of “common sense” rather than suspicious of it. Fourth, it is in favor of “problem solving.” Fifth, it tends to reject political claims made for Brechtian-modernist reflexivity. Sixth, it rejects the notion of the end of metanarratives, especially in the scientific process. It believes that film theory should progress through empirical investigation and rational debate. Seventh, cognitivism prefers a stance of objective, distancing itself from political and cultural radicalism.
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The chief shortcomings critics of cognitivism have with its approach is that it is missing a sense of social and ideological contradiction, and that it downsizes the ambitions of theory, that it instead concentrates on manageable research problems. Critics also say that it has naïve faith in human rationality, and that it reduces the complexity of the film experience to scientific terms, that it is nothing but physiological response and cognitive processing. It can be viewed as a move backward to pre-Saussurean time since it shows faith in reason and science. 3. Psychoanalysis was a product of the thinking of Sigmund Freud.
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PHIL 005 taught by Professor Bilger,paul during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Final - Emilia Mocarski Phil 005 Final Exam 2. Cognitive...

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