Rl St Compilation

Rl St Compilation - Rl St 001 Review Exam #1 The Academic...

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Rl St 001 Review Exam #1 The Academic Study of Religion I. What is religion? A person’s priorities/value system Ultimate Concern Non-physical, transcendent, sacred, timeless/spaceless A. Religion defined as Ultimate Concern 1. Anything is capable of being held as Ultimate Concern. 2. Nothing is inherently or innately religious—they become religious as people hold them to be of ultimate importance Holy texts expression of Ultimate Concern 3. Transcendent forms of ultimacy religions we’re studying Reality is multi-dimensional, two main dimensions B. What is Religious Tradition? A way to map out the contours of a person’s ultimate concern 1. A religious tradition can be thought of as a “map of reality” Each religious tradition represents a different map of reality 2. A map of reality is a means to order human experience Interprets human experience 3. The goal is to understand different maps of reality Everyone has a map of reality—it shapes your experience of reality II. Five Functions of Religion A. Happiness 1. What is the basis of a “happy” life?
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Internally based, not externally Permanent happiness is not dependent on external things B. Meaning 1. What provides a meaningful core to one’s life? Meaning found in upper level of reality C. Values -Order the details of life 1. What is the relationship of values to meaning? They are the building blocks of meanings Related to Ultimate Concern What’s important to get to goal D. Identity 1. Who am I? What Ultimate Concern defines you? Religious identity- who you really are E. Death 1. Why does death occur, what happens after you die, and how should life be lived? III. Three Expressions of Religion A. Theoretical 1. Doctrine—a statement expressing basic beliefs of a religion in propositional form 2. Myth—stories that express in narrative form the central values of society and the way it views what the world means (ex. creation stories, hero story) 3. Symbol B. Practical Everything done for the sake of religion 1. Ritual C. Sociological 1. Ethics Deontological- what you ought to do Teleological- our purpose/consequentialists IV. History of Religions A. Ancient Hunters- 35,000-8,000 BCE Religious reality centered in the sky, animals, and the shaman - individual of spiritual power and knew the paths of the dead by means of great initiatory experience Life seen as a series of stages Spirits of ancestors powerful companions/guardians of the living B. Neolithic Farmers- 8,000-3,200 BCE Spiritual life became tied to the cycle of the seasons Earth goddess grew in significance, revered as a principal deity Sacrifice reached a high point C. Ancient Empires- 3,200 BCE
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Earth is a goddess Polytheism high at this point Relationships between earth & society often symbolized as the sacred marriage of the king to the earth goddess (king in human form, ex. Pharaoh)
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Rl St Compilation - Rl St 001 Review Exam #1 The Academic...

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