Chap 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Introduction & Research...

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Chapter 1 h Psychology Definition—the scientific study of behavior and mental processes—behavior is anything we do—mental processes are our private, internal experiences s Critical thinking—the process of objectively evaluating, comparing, analyzing, and synthesizing information s Four basic goals: to describe (what occurred) explain (why it occurred) predict (answers what and why) and change (applying psychological knowledge) behavior and mental processes s Nature—nurture controversy—ongoing dispute over the relative contributions of mature (heredity) and nurture (environment) s Interaction—process in which multiple factors mutually influence one another and the outcome—as in the interaction between heredity and environment s Wilhelm Wundt—birth of psychology s Introspection—monitoring and reporting on the contents of consciousness s Structuralism—deals with the structure of mental life s Structuralism led to functionalism—examines the functions of emotions (?) s
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Chap 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Introduction & Research...

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