Exam Review 1

Exam Review 1 - Review for Examination 1 POLS 207: State...

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Review for Examination 1 POLS 207: State and Local Government Sections (Fall 2007) Politics : The process by which individuals and political parties nominate and elect public officials and formulate a public policy. Government : A public institution with authority to allocate values by formulating, adopting, and implementing public policies. Public Policy : Government action designed to meet a public need or goal as determined by a legislative body or other authorized officials. federalism : Sovereignty of US lies ultimately in the hands of the people at large–rather than in the individual legislatures of the state governments– people should be represented in a unified, national government whose authority overrides the state governments. Separation of powers in the several branches of the U.S. government. Cooperative federalism : After 1930s, great depression and WWII – states are overwhelmed. Sharing powers between national, state and local government. Dual federalism : delegated powers : Specific powers entrusted to the national government by Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constitution (eg. Regulate interstate commerce, borrow money, and declare war). Implied powers : Powers inferred by the constitutional authority of the US Congress “to make all laws by which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing [delegated] powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government, or in any department or officer thereof.” Devolution : Exists when federal government’s financial and administrative responsibilities shift to state and local governments, esp. in the area of social services. Reserved powers : The 10 th Amendment of the US Constitution declares that “Powers not delegated by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people”. Although not spelled out in the US Constitution, powers include: police power, taxing power, proprietary power, and power of eminent domain. TX Grange : (Patrons of Husbandry) farmer’s organization that was well represented in constitutional convention of Constitution of 1876. Initiative : A citizen-drafted measure proposed by a specific number or percentage of qualified voters, which becomes law if approved by popular vote. In Texas, this process occurs only at the local level, not the state. Referendum
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Exam Review 1 - Review for Examination 1 POLS 207: State...

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