PA 206 Exam 3 notes2 - History of Civil Services (Tuesday...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
History of Civil Services (Tuesday Feb 26) Federalist vs. Andrew Jackson - Early in history uneventful for Civil Services - Federalist: elitists best educated, experienced, top of the food chain, seemed natural that they run the government or those that support them - Major Issues Federalists were concerned with: 1) Establish a government 2) Working out a basic details of Separation of powers 3) Getting on with business of commerce and diplomacy - No difference between patronage (who you know) and merit (qualification) - This changed when Jackson got in office - 7 th President - First in many ways: 1) Not to come from aristocracy 2) Get his VP to resign 3) Married a women who was divorced 4) Nominated at a national convention in his second term 5) Kitchen cabinet 6) Pocket veto - Jackson’s beliefs : 1) Common person was capable of holding a position in office 2) Federal elitism was unconstitutional 3) Nothing to stop Jackson from putting friends in office - Developed the spoils system: hand picked his own people and put his friends in office - Nothing to stop Jackson from putting his friend in office no competitive exams or or protection of employees The “gotten out of hand” story that led to reform - A supporter of Garfield wanted a consulship in Paris, Garfield ignores him - Assimilation of Garfield (1880) - This event brought actual reform instead of talk - Changes civil service forever Pendleton Act of 1883 1) All positions would be filled by competitive or open exams 2) Protection of government against political pressures: ie) firewalls, separation of powers 3) Establishment of Civil Service Commission: responsible for the overseeing of a new merit system Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) and Affirmative Action (AA): Derivation of their Legal Basis - EEO : preventing discrimination in employment places, race sex, age, disability, and religion
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- Passive Concept - AA: Active concept - Companies trying to combat the barrels holding people back Court Ruling: Civil Rights Act 1964 - Gave us EEO - Required that employment places didn’t discriminate based on race, religion, sex and age Executive Order: 11246 of 1965 - Affirmative Action derived from this - Established by Kennedy - Bring affirmative action to private sector Administrative Procedure: Uniform Guidelines on Employee Sector Procedures of 1978: - Gave concept of “adverse impact” Duke vs. Griggs Power Company - Case: African American man applies for a position as a janitor at Griggs Power, the business didn’t want him, they told him he need a high school degree and created an “adverse impact” for African Americans by employers Personnel (Thursday Feb 28 2008) Position Classification - The Federal Level has 15 levels (1-15) as you work your way up it leads to promotion and more money - Systems used to ensure merit - Comparable work wasn’t enforced in 1964 but the Equal Pay Act got rid of these issues - Comparable work equals comparable jobs - When HR is trying to hire and establish position classification, they have to
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

PA 206 Exam 3 notes2 - History of Civil Services (Tuesday...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online