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Unformatted text preview: 1. What is Stalinism? What are the key features? How does the totalitarian model further illuminate the logic of Stalinism? What is Stalinism? Under the leadership of Stalin, Stalinism was a particular period in Soviet Russias development in the years 1928 to 1953. It was a particular system of governance that used a particular strategy of socio economic and political development. The type of communist theory that dominated in the SU during and after Stalins rule- an interpretation of Marxist Leninist theory that emphasizes the changing needs of society (ex. Som at a snails pace v the five year plan) What are the key features? The key features of Stalinism explain the overall consolidation and centralization of the authoritarian regime created under Stalin. Politically, Stalinisms feature was to form a centralized, hierarchical and bureaucratized authoritarian regime. In order to keep control, coercion was used through the secret police. Used propaganda extensively Although exaggerated, it was extremely important that terror was applied randomly with means of coercion. One was never safe enough, regardless whether they had done anything wrong. Totalitarianism by fighting political dissent through killings, imprisonment, and violence- NKVD which was the leading Russian Secret Police- o Great Purge 1936-38- anything goes- randomly applied terror-censorship of media over all aspects of life- glorifying as superhuman Economically, Stalin wanted to quickly industrialize in short period of time and thus needed a great deal of capital. 5 yr. plans: emphasis on heavy industry Collectivization: large state industries with new technology increasing standard of living. There was a forced pace of industrialization. Formation of centralized, hierarchical, and bureaucratized authoritarian regime. How does the totalitarian model further illuminate the logic of Stalinism? The features of Stalinism can be further explained through the totalitarian model in that his policies contained all the characteristics of the totalitarian model. Totalitarian Model- 6 Syndromes 1. Official Ideology- Stalinism collectivist norms, negative markets, limits on private ownership, centralized/ hierarchal decision making system, necessity of coercion to assure socioeconomic change and to manipulate theory of history. 2. Mono Party System- Communist party- leader of the party is the leader of the state- expelled any person that was seen as unworthy. 3. System of Terror- Random acts of terror, expelled anyone who posed any kind of danger to Stalin, NKVD ministry of internal affairs. 4. Central control over the means of communication- every media outlet was state owned, means o distributing propaganda for the party, radio broadcast to instill loyalty and duty to the SU, propaganda to create a cult of personality....
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course POL 443 taught by Professor Dunkel during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.
- Spring '08