Gender 301.docx - June 3 Chp 1 Interplanetary Theory of...

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June 3 Chp 1Interplanetary Theory of gender difference -Refers to women are from Venus and men are from Mars-Fundamental differences btw men and woman = misunderstandings, miscommunications-Men and women are opposites-Display complete universal gender differences-This is fiction/myth-What is deemed masculine is seen a stronger-What is deemed feminine is seen lesser and not as important-Paid labour= job for men tend to be higher value, pay, prestige compared to jobs seen appropriate for women -Jobs that draw on women innate abilities as caring and nurturing-Superior skill is seen appropriate for men-Women in occupation that is meant for men tend to work much harder to keep up with everyone else -Works opposite way for men, they do not go into jobs meant for women-Gender privilege is seen in all occupations -Nature vs nurture debateoNat: part of ppls brain, wiring, hormones. We are born like this. Roles assigned tous at birth. genes oNur: argues that most of what we learn and do in life is taught to us. Socially constructed. People learn gender rolesTaught to us at home-Gender policing oThey are policed by parents, peers, family membersoBig boys don’t cryoHeteronormativity: assumption that the only normal sexual orientation is heterosexuality. oSeen as a threat to boys when they show interest in anything other than masculine activities-Both nat and nur argue that gender inequality arises from fundamental gender difference. -Gender inequality creates gender difference -There are no virtually no difference men and women at all. The only differences is that women have utterance -Sex refers to biology, mainly to genitaliaoPresent or absence of penis or vagina-There are ppl intersex, born with both sets of genitalia-Gender refers to bundle of beliefs and characterises that tend to get attached to the sexSex: Male/FemaleGender: Masculine/Feminine
RW.ConneilHegemonic Masculinity: -No female counter partEmphasized Femininity: that is prime objective is to please her man-Expected to be sexually available to her man at all times The more money you have the more you are ab le to achieve hegemonic masc and Emphasized FemininityMasculineFeminineStrong (physically and mentally)DelicateSports Homemaker CarsSubmissive Technical competence (motors & machines)Appearance LeadingDependant Bread WinnerEmotionalDecision MakerService sectorNon-relational sex FollowerHigh risk activityTimidFearless Sexually available ViolenceNon violent Men are told to hide emotionsFaithfulHe can look like the back of a truck Thin/big boobs/ flat tummy/ no wrinkles June 4, 2019Biological explanations of Gender-Centre on gender behaviour and gender differencesoAlleged differences on behaviour and tie them together with something in the body-Women’s alleged physical and mental weakness-Reproductive capacities = weakness and fragilityoThis was the normoMiddle and upper class women they were seen as idealoWorking class women were = nothing weak about them oNot seen as valid human beings-

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