Psychology 101 - Psychology 101 What is Psychology?...

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Psychology 101 1/8/08 What is Psychology? Psychology is a word deriving from Greek roots: Psyche – soul or mind; Logos – word Psychology is the systematic study of behavior and experience (mental processes). False Memory  – report that someone believes to be a memory, but does not correspond to actual  events.
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Research Methods 1/10/08 The Goals of Psychologists Psychologists seek to understand and predict behavior The Major Philosophical Issues Free will      is the belief that behavior is caused by an individual’s independent decision-making. Determinism      is the assumption that everything that happens has a cause of determinant in the  observable world. The mind-brain problem: How is experience related to the brain? Dualism      is the belief that the mind is separate from the brain, but somehow controls the brain and  through it also the rest of the body. Monism      is the view that conscious experience is generated by and therefore is inseparable from the  brain. Data from brain imaging research such as PET (positron emission tomography) suggests that brain  activity and mental activity are two aspects of the same thing. Phineas Gage September 1848 25 year old railroad foreman accidental explosion drove a tamping iron (3 cm x 1 m) through the left cheek and through the top of  his head The consequences of the damage to his frontal lobe there was a dramatic change to his personality  and social acceptance. The Nature-Nurture Issue  How do differences in behavior relate to differences in heredity and environment?
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What Psychologists Do Psychology is an academic, non-medical discipline that includes many branches. Psychologists practice within their chosen specialty in 3 main areas: Teaching and research Service providers to individuals Service providers to organizations Major categories of psychological research: Biological psychology or neuroscience Evolutionary psychology Learning and motivation Cognitive psychology Developmental psychology Social psychology Psychologists are service providers to individuals. There are many types of professionals with training  in psychology who specialize in helping people: Clinical psychologist Psychiatrist Psychoanalyst Psychiatric nurse
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Clinical social worker Counseling psychologist Forensic psychologist Psychologists are service providers to organizations. This includes: industrial/organizational psychologists ergonomist, or human factors specialist school psychologists Psychology: Then and Now The first psychological laboratory was established by William Wundt
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Psychology 101 - Psychology 101 What is Psychology?...

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