1.1 Line, Shape, and the Principle of Contrast Topics Covered in this Chapter: o Line o Shape o Contrast The 10 Elements of art: 1. Color 2. Form 3. Line 4. Mass 5. Shape 6. Space 7. Texture 8. Time and Motion 9. Value 10. Volume The 10 Principles of art: 1. Balance 2. Contrast 3. Emphasis 4. Focal Point 5. Pattern 6. Proportion 7. Rhythm 8. Scale 9. Unity 10. Variety Line is one of the basic elements of 2-dimensional art. A line is a mark between two endpoints and has height and width but not depth. Lines can be actual or implied . Actual lines are continuous marks between two points. Implied Lines are not continuous but suggest or give the impression of a line. Implied Line is important in the Jewish art of Micrography, the creation of designs using very small writing. Functions of Line : Line is a tool for describing boundaries between planes in a two- dimensional work. Where on plane meets another, the impression of three dimensions is created Lines can direct our attention to a specific area of interest in a composition. Lines can convey direction and a sense of movement
- Vertical lines tend to communicate strength and energy; horizontal lines can suggest calmness and passivity; diagonal lines are associated with action, motion, and change. Contour lines can suggest a volume in space by defining the edges of an object and giving us clues about the changing character of its surface. Contour line can be used economically but still have great suggestive power. Communicative Line - lines that convey energy and action to create a contrast with the passivity and calm communicated by the horizontal lines. Shape - is a two-dimensional area the boundaries of which are defined by lines The boundaries of a shape can be defined by changes in color. Changes in value can also define a shape Implied Shapes give the impression of a shape where no continuous line is used. Shapes can be classified into two types: geometric and organic . Geometric shapes are composed of regular lines and curves. Organic Shapes are made up of unpredictable, irregular lines that evoke the natural world. Shepard Fairey used a combination of geometric and organic shapes to create a striking design. Positive and negative shapes are created using the principle of contrast. The presence of positive shape allows us to see the negative space surrounding it. The combination of positive and negative shape creates figure-ground reversal . The figure can become the background, and the background can become the figure. Contrasting values can create a powerful figure-ground reversal . Definitions: Abstract : art imagery that departs from recognizable images from the natural world Automatic : suppressing conscious control to access subconscious sources of creativity and truth Background : the part of a work depicted furthest from the viewer’s space, often behind the main subject matter Collage : a work of art assembled by gluing materials, often paper, onto a surface.
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