Exam 2.docx - B Even before Nazi Germany was defeated it became apparent that the alliance was in jeopardy because of the cooling in the relationships

Exam 2.docx - B Even before Nazi Germany was defeated it...

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B. Even before Nazi Germany was defeated, it became apparent that the alliance was in jeopardy because of the cooling in the relationships of the West and the Soviet Union. After the war, Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in 1946 and the Berlin Blockade of 1947-49 drew a sharp line between the Soviet Union and the West. With the Chinese Communist coming away victorious in 1949 and the Korean Conflict breaking out in June 1950, the world was certainly spinning towards an abyss. Describe how the first cracks in the alliance became apparent and discuss their impact on the post-war world. A conflict between the Capitalist West and the Communist East was downright inevitable. The ideological conflict of interests was just too great. It was only by the virtue of an overwhelming common enemy in the form of the Fascists that the two sides ever got along in the first place. As such, when the pressure of that common enemy started to lessen, the ragtag alliance between the West and the East broke down almost immediately. Already, signs of mistrust were present in the 1943 Tehran Conference. Although Stalin promised his cooperation during World War 2, Roosevelt and Churchill, in turn, had to surrender any future claims over East Europe to Stalin. The three were still able to get along for the most part at this point, however. At this time the issue with Germany was still too pressing for internal squabbles to be tolerated by anybody. During the 1945 Yalta Conference, Stalin made a number of different promises. Most importantly, he promised that all of the liberated East European countries would hold free elections, particularly Poland, which he said the Soviet Union held a debt against. The Soviet Union, however, would still retain all the Polish land they annexed in 1939, which later would result in thousands of returning Polish soldiers no longer having a home to return to. Churchill, still believing he could trust Stalin, agreed to that promise. That decision was massively unpopular in Britain, and is one of the reasons why Churchill lost the 1945 general election. Churchill soon realized his mistake, acknowledging that Stalin will break his promise of treating Poland fairly, and
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