Lecture 8.pdf - Lecture 8 The Space Race BY THONG MAY HAN...

This preview shows page 1 - 8 out of 24 pages.

Lecture 8 The Space RaceBY THONG MAY HANG0314 A Brief Introduction to Astronomy
INTRODUCTIONThe Space Race is a period in which two superpowers the USA and the USSR – compete to ‘conquer’ space. The context in which the Space Race happened was complicated: paranoia, a battle between different ideologies, against the backdrop of the Cold War.
The Fathers of RocketryThe events that led to the Space Race began long before the Cold War: World War II and the start of rocket science. Modern rocketry can be attributed to 3 men: Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Hermann Oberth, and Robert Goddard.
TsiolkovskyIn Russia, Tsiolkovsky was considered to be the father of aeronautics. The Tsiolkovsky equation is used to describe the motion of a rocket. His work was only appreciated later in life, but it set the stage for the Russian space programme.
Oberth and von BraunOberth’sideas on rocket designs were well received in Germany. His work inspired Wernher von Braun to study rocketry. Together, they worked on the German rockets used in WWII. After the war, he went to the USA and worked on the American space programmetogether with von Braun. Oberth (center) and von Braun (2ndfrom right)
GoddardIndependent of the others, Goddard developed his own ideas of the rocket.His ideas matched those of von Braun and Oberth. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center was named after him.
The Foundation of Modern RocketryBetween the 3 men, they came up with the ideas of using liquid fuel, multi-stage rockets, and space travel.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture