APC100_Reference Sheet_Midterm.docx - < Chapter 1 The World of Communication > Why study Communication 1 Improve our skills \u2212 Intrapersonal \u2212

APC100_Reference Sheet_Midterm.docx - < Chapter 1 The World...

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< Chapter 1. The World of Communication > Why study Communication? 1. Improve our skills Intrapersonal Interpersonal Group 2. Help us make sense of what happens in our lives 3. Increase our personal impact Defining Communication Communication : a systemic process in which people interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meanings . 1. Process - Ongoing and continuously in motion 2. Systemic - Occurs in a system of interrelated parts that affect one another - Occurs in fixed, standardized ways that allow successful recognition and reciprocation 3. Symbols - All language and many nonverbal behaviors—anything that abstractly signifies something else 4. Meanings - heart of communication Values of Communication 1. Personal Identity and Health - We gain personal identity as we communicate with others - Communication directly influences our physical and emotional well-being 2. Relationship 3. Professional Values - Communication skills are closely linked to professional success 4. Cultural Values Models of Communication: Linear 1. A one-way process in which one person acts on another person. - One person attempts to transmit meaning through symbols to another - Communication attempt is either successful or unsuccessful once message has either succeeded or failed, communication is over. 2. Noise - Anything that interferes with the intended communication - Includes: physical (obstructions, literal noise); psychological (emotions, moods, focus); physiological (physical ability, comfort level) 3. Too simplistic for most scenarios (e.g. face to face communication or email); however, is applicable to mass media (TV, radio, newspapers, etc.) , in which communication is one-directional, with the receiver being unable to respond directly Models of Communication: Interactive 1. A circular model (like playing catch) that best reflects distance communication, such as email, text messaging, etc., where responses are not immediate 2. Senders listen to receivers - Feedback : the message one sends to the intial sender as a response Models of Communication: Transactional - People often simultaneously send and receive messages Breadth of the Field Communication takes place in specific contexts – determined by the medium of communication and number of people involved – which often overlap with fields of the study of communication: 1. Intrapersonal Communication : within oneself 2. Interpersonal Communication: between 2 or more parties, often in shared space 3. Group Communication: small groups or teams 4. Mass Communication and Digital Media: Traditional media (TV, newspaper, radio, etc.) and modern interactive media 5. Public Communication: One person speaking to larger group - Some fields of the study of communication focus on specific professional contexts or interpersonal situations Unifying Themes Symbols / Meaning / Critical Thinking / Ethics and Communication Careers in Communication Education / Media Production, Analysis, and Criticism / Training and Consulting / Human Relations and Management / Research Digital Media and Communication 1. Value
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