Chapter 14 RSG.doc - Chapter 14 Reading Study Guide Gene Regulation in Bacteria General Genetics(MBIOS\/BIO 301 I Chapter 14.1 Chapter Introduction and

Chapter 14 RSG.doc - Chapter 14 Reading Study Guide Gene...

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Chapter 14 Reading Study Guide Gene Regulation in Bacteria General Genetics (MBIOS/BIO 301) I. Chapter 14.1: Chapter Introduction and Overview of Transcriptional Regulation: A. Section Learning Objectives: 1.Describe the function of activators and repressors. 2.Explain how small effector molecules affect the function of activators and repressors. 3. Use the terms listed below to correctly explain concepts, assigned figures, and specified end- of-chapter questions. B. Important Terms: Gene regulation: the phenomenon in which the level of gene expression can vary under different conditions Constitutive genes: a gene that is not regulated and has essentially constant levels of expression over time Transcription regulation: Translation regulation: Post translation regulation: Regulatory proteins: Repressor: a regulatory protein that binds to DNA and inhibits transcription Activator: a transcriptional regulatory protein that increases the rate of transcription Negative control: transcriptional regulation by
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