102 Test Bank - GEOLOGY 340 TEST BANK OF POSSIBLE QUESTIONS...

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GEOLOGY 340 TEST BANK OF POSSIBLE QUESTIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS The distribution and abundance of any species on Earth is governed most notably by: (a) the physical nature of the surrounding landscape (b) the presence of predators (c) the temperature (d) the availability of water An ecosystem includes: (a) biological species occurring in a variety of environments (b) both herbivores and carnivores (c) all physical, chemical, and biological processes active within an environment (d) both benthic and planktic organisms Fractionation is: (a) segregation of chemical constituents based on size (b) segregation of chemical constituents based on mass (c) segregation of chemical constituents based on chemical formula (d) all of the above Earth reservoirs, where chemical constituents can be stored, include: (a) the ocean reservoir (b) the atmospheric reservoir (c) the biologic reservoir (d) all of the above The shape of the Earth is important in determining the amount of energy received by the sun because: (a) the Earth’s albedo is less at the poles (b) the sun’s rays hit the Earth more directly at the equator (c) the sun’s energy travels through a greater thickness of atmosphere at the equator (d) all of the above The process that converts carbon dioxide and water into organic matter: (a) heterotrophy (b) decomposition (c) fractionation (d) photosynthesis Water vapor in the atmosphere significantly affects: (a) the distance the sun’s energy travels before reaching the Earth (b) the amount of the sun’s light reflected back into space (c) both of the above (d) none of the above Clockwise rotation of ocean currents in the northern hemisphere result from: (a) water in the southern hemisphere being colder than in the north (b) the rotation of the Earth on it’s axis causing the coriolis effect (c) the southern hemisphere having fewer continental masses (d) all of the above
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Wind-driven downwelling of ocean currents occurs: (a) because density changes drive marine waters downward (b) because gravity drives waters downward to attain equilibrium of surface waters (c) most frequently in the northern hemisphere (d) with latitudinal variation of surface water temperatures Deep-marine environments are characterized dominantly by: (a) the presence of photosynthetic organisms (b) isotopically heavy marine waters (c) high rates of biological productivity (d) an absence of light Environmental variability is most likely to occur in: (a) marine, nearshore surface waters (b) deep ocean waters (c) equatorial to tropical environments (d) polar marine waters Chemical processes that require the manipulation of molucules: (a) do not occur in nature (b) preferentially utilize light stable isotopes (c) preferentially utilize heavy stable isotopes (d) all of the above Ocean circulation is driven primarily by: (a) friction from overlying atmospheric currents (b) the position of the continents (c) reflection of sunlight off of polar ice caps (d) all of the above Water is a limiting factor to all life because:
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course GEO 340 taught by Professor Kah during the Spring '08 term at University of Tennessee.

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102 Test Bank - GEOLOGY 340 TEST BANK OF POSSIBLE QUESTIONS...

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